What is agriculture?

A Question A Day
Publié le 23/07/18Modifié le 20/03/19

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When was the agriculture born?

In prehistoric times, humans were nomads and moved around to find food: hunting herds and catching fish. In the Neolithic age, 10,000 years ago, humans settled down and built villages. At the end of the ice age, the weather grew milder and wild plants sprang up. Humans picked the plants and sowed the seeds: that’s how agriculture began!

Everywhere on Earth, at the same time, humans grew crops: corn in South America, rice in Asia, sorghum in Africa and wheat in Europe. Around the villages, humans started to raise cattle, sheep, goats and pigs. But it was the 19th century industrial revolution that brought agriculture into the modern world. Scientific progress improved crops and the use of fertilizers boosted production. Thanks to these, we can feed billions of people on the planet. There’s still a long way to go, like in Africa, where there’s not enough water for crops causing malnutrition. Nowadays, we know chemical agriculture is bad for health and the environment. So farmers are using more and more ecological techniques which respect nature and consumers’ health. Today, the aim of agriculture is to offer the healthiest food possible for the 7 billion people on planet Earth!

Nom de l'auteur : Jacques Azam

Producteur : Milan Presse, France Télévisions

Année de copyright : 2018

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