Who is Aung San Suu Kyi?

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Publié le 23/07/18Modifié le 21/03/19

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Aung San Suu Kyi is a politician born in 1945 in Myanmar, in south east Asia. She is the most famous opponent of the military dictators who ran Myanmar between 1962 and 2011. Yet Aung San Suu Kyi wasn’t destined for politics: she left Myanmar at 19 and went to live in India, Great Britain and the United States. Aged 27, she married an Englishman she met during her studies. 

How did Aung San Suu Kyi become such an important political figure in her country?

In 1988, when she was living in England with her husband and 2 children, she returned to Myanmar to look after her ageing mother. Just then, a new military dictatorship took over. Aung San Suu Kyi decided to oppose the generals, and founded a political party, the NLD (National League for Democracy). In 1989, the military placed her under house arrest: she couldn’t leave her home or see her family. During her arrest, as support, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. But she stayed in prison on and off for 15 years, up until 2010!

She was freed at last and stood for legislative elections in 2012, was elected to Congress and met foreign leaders who helped her. In her country, people trust Aung San Suu Kyi. In the elections of November 2015, the people of Myanmar voted for her party. It was an historical landmark for Myanmar and the hope of a better life for its people but there’s still a long way to go before the country is freed from dictatorship. 

Nom de l'auteur : Jacques Azam

Producteur : Milan Presse, France Télévisions

Année de copyright : 2018

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